Chronic Sacroiliac Pain; a cause of low back pain
Chronic sacroiliac pain is one of the more common causes of low back pain. It has been shown that approximately 80% of the population suffers from low back pain at some point in their life. When comparing the causes of low back pain, chronic sacroiliac pain represents about 15-20% of those cases.
Chronic Sacroiliac Pain from SI Joint Dysfunction
The sacroiliac joints are the largest joints found and are at the base of the spine. They help support the entire spine and are attached with very strong and extensive ligaments. Acute pain may be associated with a sprain or strain. Overuse activities over a long period of time may cause degenerative joint disease or arthritis of these large joints. Chronic sacroiliac pain includes low back pain usually around the belt line and can refer into the buttocks or groin. SI joint pain symptoms are sometimes hard to differentiate from other causes of low back pain such as herniated disc or facet joint disease. Most of the time chronic sacroiliac pain is caused by trauma that may be associated with improper lifting methods or participating in vigorous activity. The risk of chronic sacroiliac pain may also increase with true and apparent leg-length inequality and overuse exercise.
Diagnostic Procedures and Treatment for Chronic Sacroiliac Pain
Diagnostic procedures such as X-rays may be helpful in diagnosing chronic sacroiliac pain, but the most commonly used procedures are physical examination with the patients history. Chiropractic manipulation and mobilization of the sacroiliac joint has been shown to be very beneficial along with exercises focusing on strengthening the core muscles of the lower back and maintaining functional mobility of the SI joints. Patients with leg length discrepancy may find that adding the correct lift in their shoe or specific orthotics, can help to properly distribute the weight borne on the SI joints to relieve harmful stress.
Using proper lifting techniques and ergonomics, along with a regular exercise program that includes core work, may help a patient function at a peak capacity and avoid chronic sacroiliac pain.
this article on chronic sacroiliac pain is informational and not to be used to diagnose or treat any medical condition